UN report on “The atmospheric input of chemicals to the ocean”
GESAMP Reports and Studies No. 84
The atmospheric input of chemicals to the ocean is closely related to a number of important global change issues.
For example the increasing input of atmospheric anthropogenic nitrogen species to much of the ocean may cause a low level fertilization of the ocean that could result in an increase in marine 'new' productivity of up to ~3% and thus impact carbon drawdown from the atmosphere. However, the increase in nitrogen inputs are also likely to increase the formation of nitrous oxide in the ocean. The increased emission of this powerful greenhouse gas will partially offset the climate forcing impact resulting from the increase in carbon dioxide drawdown produced by N fertilization.
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