CEP Technical Report No.33-en

CEP Technical Report No. 33 1994 Table of Contents
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Caribbean Environment Programme
United Nations Environment Programme
CEP Technical Report No. 33 1994

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Regional Overview of Land-Based Sources of Pollution in the Wider Caribbean Region

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

I. Introduction
II. Geographic Coverage
III. Background Information
1. Sewage
2. Oil Hydrocarbons
3. Sediments
4. Nutrients
5. Pesticides
6. Solid Waste and Marine Debris
7. Toxic Substances
IV. Objectives and Elements of the CEPPOL Programme
V. Scope and Purpose of CEPPOL Activity 4.4.1 "Control of Domestic, Industrial and Agricultural Land-Based Sources of Pollution"
VI. Basic Approach and Implementation
VII. Results of the Pollution Sources Inventory
1. Domestic sewage
2. Industrial wastewaters
3. River discharges
VIII. Results of the Pollution Load Assessment
1. Organic matter (BOD5)
2. Suspended solids
3. Oil and grease discharges
4. Nutrient discharges
5. Toxic substances
IX. Waste Disposal Management Practices
1. Government investments
2. International financial assistance
3. Service and pollution taxes
4. Enhancement and national laws and regulations
X. Conclusions
XI. Recommendations
XII. References

LIST OF TABLES
TABLE 1. Population of the CARICOM countries and the British Virgin Islands, number of Sewage Treatment Facilities (STF) available and operating conditions
TABLE 2. Estimated population growth in the coastal areas of 13 countries of the Wider Caribbean Region for the 1980-2000 period
TABLE 3. Estimated sediments loads from rivers reaching the Wider Caribbean Coastal areas
TABLE 4. Land-use percentage changes in croplands, pasturelands and forest and woodlands in seventeen countries of the WCR during the 1977-1989 period
TABLE 5. Average annual fertilizer use in 17 countries of the WCR, changes during the 1979-1989 period
TABLE 6. Average annual pesticide use in 14 countries of the Wider Caribbean Region, changes during the 1974-1984 period
TABLE 7. Number of oil refineries and oil refining capacity in countries the Wider Caribbean Region
TABLE 8. Sub-regional areas within the Wider Caribbean Region and related countries
TABLE 9. Waste loads from domestic sources in the Wider Caribbean Region by sub- regions (t/y)
TABLE 10. Industrial activities and number of plants in the Wider Caribbean Region
TABLE 11. Waste loads from industrial sources in the Wider Caribbean Region
TABLE 12. Relative BOD Contribution per Type of industry
TABLE 13. Pollutant loads discharges from some rivers of the Wider Caribbean Region

LIST OF FIGURES
FIGURE 1. Map of the Wider Caribbean Region
FIGURE 2. Sub-regions of the Wider Caribbean Region
FIGURE 3. Distribution of loads by BOD5 (t/y) by sub-region of the Wider Caribbean Region
FIGURE 4. Distribution of TSS loads (t/y) by sub-regions of the Wider Caribbean Region
FIGURE 5. Distribution of oil and grease (t/y) loads by sub-regions of the Wider Caribbean Region
FIGURE 6. Distribution of total nitrogen (t/y) by sub-regions of the Wider Caribbean Region
FIGURE 7. Distribution of total phosphorus (t/y) from point sources by sub-regions of the Wider Caribbean Region

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Note: The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this document do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of UNEP concerning the legal status of any State, Territory, city or area, or its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of their frontiers or boundaries. The document contains the views expressed by the authors acting in their individual capacity and may not necessarily reflect the views of UNEP.


For bibliographic purposes the printed version of this document may be cited as:

UNEP: Regional Overview of Land-Based Sources of Pollution in the Wider Caribbean Region. CEP Technical Report No. 33. UNEP Caribbean Environment Programme, Kingston, Jamaica, 1994.

For guidelines on citing the Web version please see the MLA guidelines for documenting sources from the World Wide Web.


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