About the Cartagena Convention
Status of Ratification
The Cartagena Convention has been ratified by 25 United Nations Member States in the Wider Caribbean Region. Its area of application comprises the marine environment of the Gulf of Mexico, the Caribbean Sea and the areas of the Atlantic Ocean adjacent thereto, south of 30 north latitude and within 200 nautical miles of the Atlantic Coasts of the States.
Scroll down to view List of Countries and Dates of Ratification for the Cartagena Convention and its Protocols.
What is the Cartagena Convention?
The Convention for the Protection and Development of the Marine Environment in the Wider Caribbean Region (WCR) or Cartagena Convention is a comprehensive agreement for the protection and development of the marine environment.
The Convention was adopted in Cartagena, Colombia on 24 March 1983 and entered into force on 11 October 1986. It provides the legal framework for regional and national actions in the Region.
The Convention is supported by three additional technical agreements or Protocols on Oil Spills, Specially Protected Areas and Wildlife (SPAW) and Land Based Sources of Marine Pollution (LBS).
The Regional Coordinating Unit (UNEP-CAR/RCU), established in 1986, is the Secretariat to the Convention and based in Kingston, Jamaica.
What are Regional Activity Centres?
Each Protocol of the Cartagena Convention is served by a Regional Activity Centre (RAC). These centres are based in:
These centres provide technical support and expertise to assist Contracting Parties in meeting their obligations to the Convention and its Protocols. Other regional partner agencies provide further assistance as part of a Regional Activity Network (RAN).
What are the main focus areas for the Cartagena Convention?
The Convention covers several aspects of marine pollution for which the Contracting Parties must adopt measures. These measures are aimed at preventing, reducing and controlling:
In addition, the Parties are required to take measures to:
This is to prevent or reduce harmful impacts within the Wider Caribbean Region.
Cartagena Convention and Global Environmental Agreements
The Cartagena Convention works in support of other global environmental conventions and agreements such:
International Maritime Organization (IMO)
Cartagena Convention Booklet
Status of ratification of the Cartagena Convention and its Protocols
(please scroll down for more information)
Date of Ratification or Accession
Cartagena Convention and
Oil Spills Protocol
Antigua and Barbuda
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Trinidad and Tobago
United States of America
European Economic Commission
- Last Updated: March 2017
- N.B. The International Treaties Group updates this information periodically on the website of the Colombian Ministry of Foreign Affairs which may be accessed using the following link: http://www.cancilleria.gov.co/juridicainternacional/tratados/depositarios