Assessment & Management of Environmental Pollution (AMEP) Programme


Our Pollution (AMEP) programme supports countries in the Wider Caribbean to implement the following agreements: Protocols concerning: (1) Pollution from Land-based Sources and Activities (LBS Protocol); and (2) Co-operation in Combating Oil Spills (Oil Spills Protocol).  

These fall under the Cartagena Convention for the Protection and Development of the Caribbean Sea for which we are the Secretariat

Top Stories from our Pollution Desk

What is the LBS Protocol?

What is the Oil Spills Protocol?

What are AMEP’s areas of focus?

How can AMEP support my marine pollution work in the Caribbean?

What are our recent achievements of AMEP?

How many countries have signed/ratified the Pollution or LBS Protocol?

How many countries have signed/ratified the Oil Spills Protocol?

What are the benefits to countries who ratify the LBS and Oil Spills Protocols?

How can my country ratify the LBS and Oil Spills Protocols?

Learn more about the projects and activities of AMEP!

What is the LBS Protocol?

A regional agreement for the prevention, control and reduction of marine pollution of the Caribbean Sea from land-based sources and activities.  

What is the Oil Spills Protocol?

A regional agreement to promote cooperation in preventing and reducing oil spills in the Caribbean Sea.

Learn more about the Land-based Sources of Marine Pollution and Oil Spills Protocols of the Cartagena Convention

What are AMEP’s areas of focus? 

  • Improving pollution monitoring and assessment
  • Reducing pollution from solid wastes, marine litter and plastics
  • Reducing pollution from untreated domestic and industrial wastewater
  • Reducing pollution from agrochemical run-off including pesticides and fertilizers
  • Sharing data and information on best management practices and most appropriate technologies

How can AMEP support my marine pollution work in the Caribbean?

  • Improve monitoring of the sources and impacts of pollution on human health and the environment.
  • Strengthen policies, laws and regulations on marine pollution.
  • Provide information on best management practices and technologies for pollution prevention and reduction.

What are the recent achievements of our AMEP Programme?

  • Ratification of the LBS Protocol by the Governments of Jamaica in 2015 and Costa Rica in 2016.
  • Development of three regional partnerships on wastewater, marine litter and nutrients.
  • Design and launch of a Global Environment Facility funded project for Caribbean Small Island Developing States on integrating water, land and ecosystems management (GEF IWEco).
  • Ongoing development of the first State of Convention Area Report for the Caribbean Sea on pollution. 

Status of Ratification/Signing of the LBS and Oil Spills Protocols:  
Please see complete list of countries who have ratified here

LBS Ratification Map

Last updated: 31st March, 2017 with the ratification of the Government of Costa Rica.

What are the benefits to my Government by becoming a party to (ratifying)* the LBS and Oil Spills Protocols?

  • Increased recognition and awareness of efforts to prevent, control and reduce marine pollution
  • New employment and income generating opportunities
  • Access to financial and technical support for training and pollution projects and activities

*Ratification is the process when Governments formally sign on to a regional or international agreement and commit to various national obligations.   

How can my country ratify the LBS and Oil Spills Protocols? 

The national focal point in each country should:  

  1. Consult with other government and non-governmental organizations about the importance of ratification;
  2. Prepare justification letter or memorandum for ratification; 
  3. Obtain cabinet /parliament approval for ratification;
  4. Submit instruments of ratification to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Colombia. 

Our Pollution Projects 

Our Work Plan for 2017-2018

The work plan for the pollution (AMEP) programme is implemented under the following themes:

Wastewater Management

Watershed Management

Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

Solid Waste and Marine Litter Management

National Programmes of Action for pollution prevention 

Oil Spills Response Planning 

For more details about these and our other projects and activities, please download our latest AMEP Meeting Reports and biannual Work Plans and Budgets. 

Our Major Pollution Categories

Are you doing research? Learn about the more common pollutants impacting our oceans and seas.

Heavy Metals
Oils (Hydrocarbons)
Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) and Pesticides
Radioactive Substances
Sedimentation and Erosion
Solid Waste & Marine Litter
Wastewater, Sewage and Sanitation

Promotional and Awareness Material on Pollution



Fact Sheets

Press Releases




If you have a specific request or question about the Pollution/AMEP Programme and/or the Land Based and Oil Spill Pollution Protocols, please contact Mr Christopher Corbin, at